A second camera (or B camera) may be employed to run concurrently with the first so that reverse angles, different shot sizes or inserts can be gathered simultaneously. When a crew has this at their disposal, it can also be deployed with a 2nd unit, to acquire secondary material.
A film may be considered as delivered when all requested outcomes have been surrendered to the client. This can include versioning for different platforms, languages, and markets.
In order to make a good film you usually need a good script. Development refers to the process of refining the story on the page. It can take many months of redrafting, but only when a narrative is ready on paper can you have the best chance of revealing its potential on the screen.
A film needs an audience and the process of making it accessible to audience is called distribution. This can take the form of uploading to Youtube, or negotiating complex deals for rights to exploit the film in various global territories. Either way, Sales Agents are often key to a film’s distribution strategy.
The Director has responsibility for the global creative vision, which is the touchstone for every other crafts-person. It is the Director’s job to make sure they are all going in the same direction.
The Director of Photography is head of the camera department, and has responsibility for lighting the film.
Often credited with re-imagining the film, the editor cuts together the footage that has been achieved in Production so that sequences of action emerge.
The Executive Producer is so called because they lend value (by way of experience, contacts, finance etc.) to facilitate a production at an executive level.
A legacy term from the studio system, green-lighting refers to a project being given a ‘GO’ signal, usually in the form of the money required.
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Increasingly, filmmakers may be called upon to shoot and edit a film single-handed. This can be for budgetary economy, or concerns about the intrusiveness of large crews, but it is made ever more possible by advances in technology.
Post-production (abbreviated to ‘Post’) entails everything that happens after production to get the film ready for delivery. Typical processes include editing, sound design, music composition, grading the picture, and special effects.
The planning stage, pre-production involves setting up everything needed for the shoot, including casting, scouting locations, and scheduling dates.
The Producer supervises the creation of a film, from conception to sale, exercising control over budget, and bringing together all the elements of a successful production environment.
Production refers to the act of shooting the film (also called principal photography); creating those frames that, when edited together, will constitute the film.
Finance is the monetary means to make a film. Every budget is unique to the needs of the production, and so every finance package is different. Many take advantage of tax-breaks that are deployed by governments to incentivise inward investment.
A project is said to be in ‘turnaround’ when the rights are sold between companies, often for a sum at least equal to the development investment already incurred.
Whether or not they have originated the idea, the writer has responsibility for creating the screenplay. Be it by adaptation or sole invention, it will often take many drafts.